Dr. Yamini Kale – Best Gynecologist In Nagpur, Infertility Specialist In Nagpur, Laparoscopic Surgeon & Hysteroscopy Surgeon In Nagpur

Cervical cancer screening In Nagpur

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. The cervix plays a crucial role in childbirth by allowing the passage of the baby from the uterus to the vagina. Most cervical cancers are caused by persistent infections with high-risk types of human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection

Cervical cancer often develops slowly, progressing through precancerous changes before turning into invasive cancer. Regular Pap smears or Pap tests are important for early detection of abnormal changes in the cervical cells, allowing for timely intervention before cancer develops.

Symptoms of Cervical cancer screening

Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding:

  • Between periods
  • After sexual intercourse
  • After menopause

Pelvic Pain:

  • Persistent pain in the pelvis or lower back

Pain During Intercourse:

  • Discomfort or pain during sexual activity

Unusual Vaginal Discharge:

  • Increased vaginal discharge that may be foul-smelling or contain blood

Menstrual Changes:

  • Heavier or longer menstrual periods than usual

Weight Loss and Fatigue:

  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Persistent fatigue

Cervical Cancer Screening

  1. Pap Smear (Pap Test): During a Pap smear, cells from the cervix are collected and examined under a microscope to detect any abnormalities. This test can identify precancerous or cancerous cells.
  2. HPV Testing: HPV testing is often performed along with a Pap smear. It checks for the presence of high-risk types of human papillomavirus (HPV), which can lead to cervical cancer.
  3. Screening Frequency: Guidelines for screening frequency may vary, but in general, regular screenings are recommended for sexually active women. The frequency may decrease for women over a certain age or for those who have had a full hysterectomy.

Treatment of Cervical cancer screening

Surgery: Depending on the stage of the cancer, surgery may involve removing the cancerous tissue, the cervix (radical hysterectomy), or nearby lymph nodes. In some cases, a removal of the uterus may be necessary.

Radiation Therapy: This involves using high-energy rays to target and destroy cancer cells. It can be used as the primary treatment or in combination with surgery or chemotherapy.

Chemotherapy: Drugs are used to kill cancer cells or stop their growth. Chemotherapy can be administered orally or intravenously and is often used in combination with other treatments.

Targeted Therapy: This type of treatment focuses on specific molecules involved in cancer growth. Targeted therapy drugs may be used in conjunction with other treatments.

Immunotherapy: This treatment stimulates the body’s immune system to fight cancer cells. Immunotherapy is an evolving area of cancer treatment and may be used in certain cases.

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