Dr. Yamini Kale – Best Gynecologist In Nagpur, Infertility Specialist In Nagpur, Laparoscopic Surgeon & Hysteroscopy Surgeon In Nagpur

Contraception In Nagpur

Contraception, also known as birth control, refers to the use of methods or devices to prevent pregnancy. The goal of contraception is to control fertility and reproductive choices by preventing the fertilization of an egg by sperm or inhibiting implantation of a fertilized egg in the uterus. Contraceptive methods vary in their effectiveness, mechanism of action, and user preferences.

Choosing the most suitable contraceptive method depends on factors such as individual health, lifestyle, relationship status, and future family planning goals. It’s essential to consult with a healthcare provider to discuss options, receive guidance, and address any concerns or questions related to contraception.

What types of contraception are available?

1. Hormonal Methods:
  • Birth Control Pills (Oral Contraceptives): Daily pills containing hormones (estrogen and/or progestin) to prevent ovulation.
  • Birth Control Patch: A small adhesive patch worn on the skin, releasing hormones to prevent pregnancy.
  • Birth Control Shot (Depo-Provera): Injectable progestin administered every three months.
  • Birth Control Implant (Nexplanon): A small rod inserted under the skin of the upper arm, releasing progestin for up to three years.
  • Birth Control Vaginal Ring (NuvaRing): A flexible ring inserted into the vagina, releasing hormones to prevent ovulation.
2. Barrier Methods:
  • Male Condom: A sheath worn over the penis, creating a physical barrier that prevents sperm from entering the vagina.
  • Female Condom: A pouch inserted into the vagina, providing a barrier against sperm.
  • Diaphragm and Cervical Cap: Devices placed inside the vagina to cover the cervix and prevent sperm from entering the uterus.
  • Spermicides: Chemical substances that kill or immobilize sperm, often used with barrier methods.
3. Intrauterine Devices (IUDs):
  • Hormonal IUD: Releases hormones to prevent ovulation and thicken cervical mucus.
  • Copper IUD: Contains copper, which is toxic to sperm and prevents fertilization.
4. Permanent Methods:
  • Tubal Ligation: Surgical sterilization for females involving the blocking or sealing of the fallopian tubes.
  • Vasectomy: Surgical sterilization for males involving the cutting or blocking of the vas deferens.
5. Emergency Contraception:
  • Emergency Contraceptive Pills (Morning-After Pill): Taken after unprotected intercourse to reduce the risk of pregnancy.
6. Natural Methods:
  • Fertility Awareness-Based Methods (FABMs): Tracking menstrual cycles, monitoring basal body temperature, and observing cervical mucus changes to identify fertile days and avoid intercourse during those times.
7. Dual Protection:
  • Combining methods for dual protection, such as using condoms in addition to another contraceptive method, to prevent both pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
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