Dr. Yamini Kale – Best Gynecologist In Nagpur, Infertility Specialist In Nagpur, Laparoscopic Surgeon & Hysteroscopy Surgeon In Nagpur

Menstrual Disorders In Nagpur

Menstrual disorders refer to a variety of conditions that affect the normal menstrual cycle. The menstrual cycle is a complex and regulated process involving the release of hormones from the ovaries, the thickening and shedding of the uterine lining, and the eventual shedding of blood. Menstrual disorders can involve abnormalities in the timing, duration, or amount of menstrual bleeding.

Treatment for menstrual disorders depends on the specific condition and its underlying causes. Management strategies may include lifestyle modifications, hormonal therapies, pain relief medications, and, in some cases, surgical interventions. 



  • Primary Amenorrhea: No onset of menstruation by the age of 16.
  • Secondary Amenorrhea: Cessation of menstruation in a woman who previously had regular periods.
  • Symptoms: Absence of menstrual periods.


  • Primary Dysmenorrhea: Common menstrual cramps not associated with other medical conditions.
  • Secondary Dysmenorrhea: Menstrual pain caused by an underlying condition.
  • Symptoms: Pelvic pain, lower abdominal cramping, back pain, and discomfort during menstruation.


  • Symptoms: Excessive menstrual bleeding in terms of volume or duration.
  • Symptoms may include:
  • Prolonged periods lasting more than seven days.
  • Heavy menstrual flow requiring frequent changing of pads or tampons.
  • Passage of blood clots.
  • Anemia symptoms, such as fatigue or weakness.


Symptoms: Infrequent or irregular menstrual periods occurring at intervals of more than 35 days.

Symptoms may include:

  • Irregular menstrual cycles.
  • Light or scanty periods.


  • Symptoms: Irregular, non-menstrual bleeding between periods.
  • Symptoms may include: Spotting or bleeding outside the normal menstrual cycle.Unpredictable episodes of bleeding.


  • Symptoms: Shortened menstrual cycle with frequent, regular periods.
  • Symptoms may include: Menstrual cycles shorter than 21 days.

Treatment Menstrual Disorders

Dysmenorrhea (Menstrual Cramps):


Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen can help relieve pain.

Heat therapy, such as applying a heating pad to the lower abdomen, may provide relief.

Hormonal birth control methods, including oral contraceptives, may help reduce pain and regulate menstrual cycles.

Menorrhagia (Heavy Menstrual Bleeding):


Hormonal contraceptives, such as birth control pills, hormonal IUDs, or contraceptive injections, to regulate and lighten menstrual flow.

Non-hormonal medications like tranexamic acid or NSAIDs to reduce bleeding.

Endometrial ablation, a procedure to remove the uterine lining.

In severe cases or when conservative treatments fail, a hysterectomy may be considered.

Amenorrhea (Absence of Menstruation):


Hormonal therapy, such as oral contraceptives, to induce regular menstrual cycles.

Addressing underlying causes, such as treating thyroid disorders or managing excessive exercise or weight loss.

In some cases, fertility treatments may be considered for women trying to conceive.

Oligomenorrhea (Infrequent Menstrual Cycles):


Hormonal contraceptives to regulate menstrual cycles.

Lifestyle modifications, including maintaining a healthy weight, managing stress, and ensuring proper nutrition.

Treatment of underlying conditions, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) and Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD):


Lifestyle changes, including regular exercise, a balanced diet, and adequate sleep.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) or other forms of counseling.

Medications such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or hormonal contraceptives to alleviate symptoms.

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