Dr. Yamini Kale – Best Gynecologist In Nagpur, Infertility Specialist In Nagpur, Laparoscopic Surgeon & Hysteroscopy Surgeon In Nagpur

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) In Nagpur

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)In Nagpur is a common hormonal disorder that affects people with ovaries, particularly during their reproductive years.COS to work closely with healthcare providers to manage symptoms, address specific concerns (such as fertility), and reduce long-term health risks.

The exact cause of PCOS is not fully understood, but it is thought to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Insulin resistance, where the body’s cells don’t respond effectively to insulin, is often associate with PCOS, leading to an increase in insulin production. This can contribute to the elevate androgen levels and disrupt normal ovarian function.

Symptoms of PCOS

Irregular Menstrual Cycles: Menstrual cycles may be irregular, with variations in the length of the menstrual cycle. Some individuals with PCOS may have infrequent periods or may experience prolonge periods.

Excess Androgen Levels: Elevate levels of androgens (male hormones) may lead to physical symptoms such as:

  • Acne: Increase acne or oily skin.
  • Hirsutism: Excessive hair growth, particularly on the face, chest, back, or buttocks.
  • Male-Pattern Baldness: Thinning hair or hair loss similar to male-pattern baldness.

Polycystic Ovaries: Enlarge ovaries with small cysts or follicles that surround the eggs. However, not all individuals with PCOS will have cysts.

Weight Changes: Weight gain or difficulty losing weight may be associate with PCOS.

Insulin Resistance: Insulin resistance, where the body’s cells don’t respond effectively to insulin, leading to increase insulin production. This can result in symptoms such as:

  • Weight gain, especially around the abdomen.
  • High insulin levels in the blood.

Fertility Issues: Firstly, PCOS is a common cause of infertility due to irregular ovulation or anovulation (lack of ovulation).

Skin Changes: Darkening of the skin, especially in areas of friction or where skin folds (acanthosis nigricans).

Sleep Disturbances: once,Sleep apnea or disrupte sleep patterns may be more prevalent in individuals with PCOS.

Mood Changes: Thus,Mood disorders, such as depression and anxiety, may be associate with PCOS.

Treatment of PCOS

1. Lifestyle Modifications:
  • Dietary Changes:
    • Emphasize a balance and nutritious diet.
    • Manage carbohydrate intake and choose complex carbohydrates over simple sugars.
    • Consider a low-glycemic-index (GI) diet.
  • Regular Exercise:
    • Engage in regular physical activity, such as aerobic exercise, to improve insulin sensitivity.
    • Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise per week.
  • Weight Management:
    • Achieve and maintain a healthy weight, as weight loss can help improve symptoms and hormonal balance.
    • Even a modest weight loss of 5-10% of body weight can have positive effects.
2. Medications:
  • Oral Contraceptives (Birth Control Pills):
    • Regulate menstrual cycles and reduce androgen levels, addressing symptoms like irregular periods and acne.
  • Anti-Androgen Medications:
    • Spironolactone and other anti-androgen medications may be prescribe to address hirsutism and acne.
  • Insulin-Sensitizing Medications:
    • Metformin is commonly use to improve insulin sensitivity and may be beneficial, especially in women with insulin resistance.
  • Fertility Medications:
    • For women trying to conceive, fertility medications such as clomiphene citrate or letrozole may be prescribe to induce ovulation.
3. Management of Irregular Menstrual Cycles:
  • Progestin Therapy:
    • Progestin medications, such as medroxyprogesterone acetate, may be prescribe to induce regular withdrawal bleeding.
    • This helps prevent the overgrowth of the uterine lining and reduces the risk of endometrial cancer.
4. Fertility Treatments:
  • Ovulation Induction:
    • Fertility medications, such as clomiphene citrate or letrozole, may be use to stimulate ovulation.
    • In vitro fertilization (IVF) may be considere for more complex fertility issues.
5. Psychological Support:
  • Mental Health Services:
    • Individuals with PCOS may benefit from counseling or support groups, especially if dealing with mood disorders such as depression or anxiety.
Call Us
Review Us
Whats App
Call Now Button